It is indeed breaking news as the cheap and widely used steroid named as Dexamethasone drug has been proved to effectively reduce the death risk of the patients suffering from COVID-19. This drug was proved to be effective by scientists in the UK. They praised it as a “Major Breakthrough”.
Dexamethasone drug proved to reduce death risk by up to one third in severely ill patients. The results proved are a part of the UK-based RECOVERY trial, This trial is one of the world’s largest randomised trial of drugs to treat Coronavirus patients. A familiar study was done at the start of June which later proved that Hydroxychloroquine could not work against COVID-19 patients.
Trial Conducted by Oxford University
In the UK based Recovery Trial which was led by a team from Oxford University, 2,104 patients COVID-19 patients were given dexamethasone. drug. These patients were then compared with 4,321 other patients who did not get the drug. The drug results were out as it subdued the death risks by a fifth for patients on oxygen and for those on ventilators, it cut death by a fifth. Currently, there are no approved vaccines for COVID-19. Neither there is any valid treatment. The virus that spread all around the world has killed more than 433,000 people globally.
Professor Peter Horby, a study leader from the University of Oxford said:
This is the only drug so far that has been shown to reduce mortality. And interestingly, it reduces it significantly. It’s a major breakthrough. The survival benefit is clear and large in those patients who are sick enough to require oxygen treatment. So the drug should now become the standard of care in these patients. Dexamethasone is cheap and on the shelf. It can be used immediately to save lives worldwide,
What is Dexamethasone Drug?
The Dexamethasone drug is a steroid which is used to treat conditions that cause inflammation. Also, it treats diseases related to immune system activity and hormone deficiency. These conditions include inflammation, allergic reactions, rheumatoid arthritis, skin diseases etc.
The drug basically helps to stop some of the damage that happens when the immune system of the body gets out of control as it tries to fight against COVID-19. This drug is available as a generic for years. It is even used to treat nausea that is caused by cancer patients during their chemotherapy. Inflammation usually occurs in COVID-19 patients as the immune system overreacts to fight the infection. In such a case, the Dexamethasone drug can effectively help to reduce the inflammation. The overreaction is usually fatal. That is why researchers have been testing such and many other steroids to treat patients.
The drug has shown to reduce death rates of patients by up to a third among the most serious patients of the disease. Further results showed that the drug will prevent one death for every eight patients treated on ventilators. And it’ll also prevent one death for every 25 patients on extra oxygen alone. However, the drug doesn’t appear to treat patients with milder symptoms of COVID-19.
The price of the drug in US is under $50. While in the UK, it costs about 5 Euros. Martin Landray, a Professor at Oxford University says,”There is a clear, clear benefit. The treatment is up to 10 days of dexamethasone and it costs about £5 per patient. So essentially it costs £35 to save a life. This is a drug that is globally available.
Via: The Indian Express